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Andrew W Beckwith


Based on Torsion as given by de Sabbata and Sirvaram, Erice 1990 . The 1990 article claims that Torsion cancels Cosmological vacuum energy. We consider if relic black holes at the start of inflation may allow for the observed cosmological constant. Using the 1990 text if thermal energy is used at start of inflation creates conceptual issues, whereas an energy term based on Corda’s treatment of black holes may provide a solution. i.e. a left over cosmological constant 10^-121 times vacuum energy . Considerations as to how black hole physics may contribute to torsion and the cosmological constant are considered  in several numerical cases     Also we present entanglement entropy in the early universe with a  shrinking scale factor, due to Muller and Lousto , and show that there are consequences due to initial entanged for a time dependent horizon radius  in cosmology, with (flat space conditions)  for conformal time  . This construction preserves a minimum non zero vacuum energy, and in doing so keep the bits, for computational bits cosmological evolution. The bits are ascribed to initial torsion for reasons which we elaborate on in this manuscript


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Beckwith, A. (2024). ASKING IF VACUUM ENERGY allows COMPUTATIONAL “BITS” PRESENT AT START OF COSMOLOGICAL EVOLUTION, and its possible ties into torsion physics. Journal of the Tensor Society, 17(01).


[1] de Sabbata, V. and Sirvaram, “ Quantum Effects and the Problem of Cosmological Constant”, pp 19-36 in “Gravitation and Modern Cosmology, the Cosmological Constant Problem”: edited by Zichichi, A., de Sabbata, V. and Sachez, N. , Volume 56, Ettore Majorana International Science series (Physical sciences), Plenum Press, New York City New York, USA, 1991
[2] Beckwith, A. ,“New Conservation Law as to Hubble Parameter, Squared Divided by Time Derivative of Inflaton in Early and Late Universe, Compared with Discussion of HUP in Pre Planckian to Planckian Physics, and Relevance of Fifth Force Analysis to Gravitons and GW”, pp 1 -18 in, Gravitational Waves - Theory and Observations ,edited by Prof. Carlos Frajuca, published by lntechopen, London UK, 2023 Submitted: October 24th, 2022 Reviewed: October 30th, 2022 Published: December 22nd, 2022 DOI: 10.5992/intechopen.1000577,
[3] Chavanis, P. “ Self Gravitating Bose-Einstein Condensates”, pp 151-194, of Quantum Aspects of Black Holes, with Calmet, X, Editor, of Fundamental Theories of Physics, 178,Springer Nature, Cham, Switzerland, 2012
[4] Beckwith, A. and Ghafoor, Q. (2023) Using Model of a Universe as Similar to a Black Hole, Ask If We Have to Have Singularities, If We Are Looking at Initial Time Step and Entropy, from the Beginning. Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, 9, 708-719. doi: 10.4236/jhepgc.2023.93058.
[5] Cheng Ta-Pei, “ Relativity, Gravitation and cosmology, a Basic introduction” Oxford University press united kingdom , 2008
[6] Corda, Christian, “ Black Hole spectra from Vaz’s Quantum gravitational collapse”,, 11 pages, accepted for publication in Fortschritte der Physik - Progress of Physics

[7] Beckwith, A. (2016) Asking If the Existence of Vacuum Energy to Keep Computational “Bits” Present at Start of Cosmological Evolution, Even If Spatial Radius Goes to Zero, Not Planck Length, Is Possible. Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2, 226-243.
[8] R. Muller, a C. Lousto, “ Entanglement entropy in curved space-times with event horizons”, arXIV gr-qc/9504049 v1, 28 april, 1995
[9] Jae-Weon Lee, “On the Origin of Entropic Gravity and Inertia”,;

[10] Y.J. Ng, Entropy 10(4), pp441-461 (2008);
[11] Cristi Stoica, “Beyond the FRWL Big Bang Singularity”,

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